This paper illustrates the insecurity perceptions and security practices of the Paharis, an indigenous people of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh. It adopts an interpretive ethnographic approach in which it posits, based on fieldwork experiences, that the security perceptions of the CHT indigenous people are primarily formed by the experiences of marginalisation.
In 2003, the Government of Bangladesh declared Baikka Beel, a 100-hectare wetland in the north-eastern part of the country, as a permanent wetland sanctuary conservation project intended to preserve its fish breeding and bio-diversity. Within the framework of the Borogangina Resource Management Organisation, a co-managed project was launched with the support of the USAID. Through a community husbandry initiative several NGOs and one multi-national company also took part in the project.
In Bangladesh, as in many other national and cultural settings, intimate relations and intimacy between married and especially non-married couples are restricted by strong socio-cultural norms. These restrictions vary across different places, and thus distinct topographies of intimacy can be discerned. Mobile communication is currently challenging such topographies by enabling interaction and “virtual intimacy” across physical barriers and over spatial distances, or by helping to conceal relationships and interactions. This study examines these spatial shifts with three examples.
Small-scale producers of agricultural goods are becoming more and more involved in global commodity chains. Increasing and more volatile food prices are major challenges for smallholders who play a key role in achieving food security in many countries of the Global South but at the same time suffer from food insecurity themselves. Paradoxically, small-scale producers cannot fully benefit from increasing food prices as the global food price crisis 2007/08 showed.